samedi 20 septembre 2014

More details about the pavilion of Hungary ->

ALAKOR - The Hungarian pavilion 

The thorough tender procedure resulted in powerful and exciting building plans, which fit in perfectly with the theme of the EXPO. Both the appearance of and use of materials in the Pavilion embody one of the main trends in Hungarian architecture, which borrows from the carpentry and joinery of folk traditions (stables, barns, silos) as interpreted by the organic architecture of Károly Kós and Imre Makovecz. It reflects on living nature, using both forms and materials that seek harmony through environmentally conscious architecture.

The shamanic drums at both ends of the building refer to the ancient roots and the mystical bond between humans and nature, while the central barrel is a symbol of abundance, easily associated with Noah's Ark, the saviour of life. Atop it all sits the roof garden, showcasing the kaleidoscope of life.
The ribs or staves stretching up to the sky past the garden could be part of a monumental skeleton, but at the same time show openness towards the sun, protecting the core like giant petals and leaves on a plant.

Functional spaces in the building 
The first shamanic drum encompasses three levels of exhibition displays. Visitors can access the lowerlevel from the outside, and then move on into the central space of the event room. The higher levels of the drum can be accessed from the direction of the central area. The central space on the ground floor is a multifunctional event area, with services areas behind it (HVAC, bathrooms). The elevator and the stairs can also be found here. The second floor has a walkway around the walls, where pictures can be displayed.
The stairs lead up to the roof. The central axis of the main facade houses a Tree of Life motif made of clear tubing. A closed system circulates a liquid symbolising the Hungarian sweet-, mineral- and thermal water treasures, flowing around the first drum and arriving on the level of the balcony. The third section of the building is the other shamanic drum, which houses an exhibition display on the ground floor, a kitchen for warming food on the second floor, and further exhibition space on the top
The HVAC systems for the building along with the storage spaces are at the end of the plot, in a structure hidden under a glasshouse, partially sunk into the ground. The buffer tank for the water pipes running through the balcony and facade of the building are placed under the rear garden area.
One of the most important aspects of planning was ENVIRONMENTAL WARENESS.
In order to reduce energy requirements to a minimum, the building insulation is up to passive house specifications, the glass windows are triple glazed, and have added sun protection in areas where the sun will shine upon them. The internal spaces of the building can be ventilated naturally. This makes natural cooling possible when outside temperatures are suitable, as well as allowing naturally heat absorbing elements to cool off after closing hours. The green areas of the roof garden and the mist curtain regulate the microclimate and lower cooling requirements.

Applied building materials are mainly natural, sustainable materials (wood, laminated wood, cellulose), with small ecological footprints. Also energy and time saving construction methods are used. The drip-irrigated garden, the low-water consumption mist generators, the water saving taps all serve to conserve water. The cistern also plays a part in water conservation. Grey water from tap basins is rerouted as water for flushing toilets. The building produces no harmful emissions to either air or ground, neither during construction nor operation. Environmental responsibility is not only present in the buildings operation, but is a key principle during its construction and dismantling as
well, minimizing air and ground pollution, as well as waste.
Last but not least, the entire building (save for the foundation) is reusable. As per requirements of the tender, the Pavilion is made up of pre-manufactured, easily transportable elements that can be dis- and reassembled. This means that once the Expo is over, the Hungarian Pavilion will not become waste, but will be rebuilt in Szombathely at the Cavalry Barracks as a research centre. Not only does this present an environmentally sound solution, but also saves the budget a significant amount, as the money spent on the Expo will not be for a temporary building, but one of long-lasting use and value.
In accordance with the themes of the Expo, the presentation of Hungarian values was part of the planning process from the onset. Water, as a network of flows is present throughout the entire building, referring in different forms to the Hungarian sweet, thermal and mineral water treasures. The water flows through the Tree of Life symbol on the facade of the shamanic drums, as if through a spring, and flows as a river through the garden and through the staves, with an airflow of rising bubbles representing mineral water. Another interesting display presents the changes in water at 60 hertz. At this frequency, water displays a unique serpent-like movement, and it also creates the illusion of flowing backwards. The Pavilion also has an area edicated to presenting Hungarian mineral water.

Hungary's thermal and medicinal waters, as well as its bath culture will be epresented by printed and multimedia materials, documentaries and PR videos.

The open-air garden will house the garden of elements on one end, with the egetable, spice and
herbal garden displayed on the other. The main axis of the garden will be a rubble stone riverbed, with the water flowing through it into a well. These areas are meant to show and popularize the advantages of mosaic agriculture, garden agriculture and organic food. The growing of GMO-free and ancient native species will have added emphasis.

According to plan, during the entire timespan of the Expo, visitors will have a chance to get to know 33 different fruits, 33 different vegetables and 33 different herbs, including the Batul apple, which was already planted symbolically at the laying of the foundation stone.
The goal is for visitors to the garden to find themselves in a place infused by LIFE. Surrounded by the four elements. Where fire, water, air and earth meet, the fifth element (quinta essentia), the source of life is born, represented in Hungarian tradition as in many, by the Tree of Life. The tree is the axis mundi, the pillar of the world, bridge between heaven and earth. The plant world, which is able to transmute the mineral world to living by the forces of the universe. Experiencing the elements was a central focus in designing the garden. Water flows through the garden and through the entire building.
Air is shown through the water and through displays, while the fire blazes in the furnace, and shines from the sun onto everyday items that harness it. Earth shows itself through fertility.

The garden symbolises the fertility of the Hungarian landscape, showcasing the fruits of caring and proper labour and cultivation to visitors. The vegetable garden is not separated from the flowerbeds, as the gardens of Hungarian peoples of the country were always organic and eco-gardens in a sense.

The workings of the garden are also very interactive, inviting visitors to participate in the life of the garden. They can take a walk, rest or even have a picnic. They can try their hand at gardening, watering, harvesting, composting, and experience first hand the kingdom and elements of Nature. We can teach them how to preserve the bounty of the garden without preservative chemicals, how to brew infusions for health and healing, and how to mix creams and scents. The furnace is the ideal place to learn the art of making a fire, kneading dough and baking bread, as well as drying, making jam and all the pantry tricks of old.

The roof garden is suitable for open-air events and picnicking. The sidewalls of the building reach up over the garden like the staves of a barrel. The central axis of the building is a flowing river. Stepping out of the drums unto the roof leads us to the centre of the garden, where the garden of scents grows.
All around, as the arching staves permit, small trees are planted. In this protected enclave, the trickling of the water, the colours and scents of the trees and flowers transport visitors back to the Garden of Eden. This is the quietest part of the garden. Here and in the green areas surrounding the pavilion, visitors can rest on transparent concrete benches.

The plans of the Hungarian Pavilion contain many more innovative solutions and architectural novelties, like energy-generating stairs and floors, sound-to-electricity converter generators for the internal spaces, etc. The goal of these is to point out all the “waste” energy in our environments that can be converted to electricity. Inside the building there is a large meter display that shows the energy generated on the given day, week, month and the entire Expo.

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